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python calling custom exceptions from if-statement and try-except

So, I've created a custom exception that I want to call in 2 different ways (a if/else statement, and a try/except statement). Here is the custom exception:

class CustomException(Exception):   
   def __init__(self, value=None, *args, **kwargs):
     self.parameter = value
     for key, value in kwargs.items():
         setattr(self, key, value)

     for key, value in self.__dict__.items():
         print "%s => %s" % ( key, value ) 

   def __str__(self):
     return repr(self.parameter)

Here is how I am wanting to implement the custom exception:

   if something:
       #make an error
       raise CustomException('this is my custom message', file='somefile.txt', var2='something')
except Exception, e:
   raise CustomException(e)

My issues, I believe, are two fold:

1: When the standard NameError that is thrown in the try/except block (due to ;lsdfj), I want to pass CustomExceptions some extra parameters like 'file', just like the if/else implementation; how would I do that?

2: When the custom exception is raised (from the if/else statement being false), the CustomExceptions class ends up being called twice, because I raise it in the if/else block then it gets raised again within the except: section. I don't know how to get around this.

So, in the above case, I want to call CustomException when the if-statement is not true, and I want to call it when there is a standard exception thrown inside the code block... but currently, if something: evaluates to false then the CustomException will be raised twice...

So I want the custom exception to be used unilaterally throughout my code for if/else conditions, and standard python exceptions...

I know this explanation was convoluted but I'm not sure how else to explain what I'm after... Any help would be much appreciated! Thanks in advance!

like image 900
sadmicrowave Avatar asked Mar 25 '23 09:03


2 Answers

In order not to raise the exception twice, you should wrap the try/except block around the if statemnt only, like so:

if something:
       #make an error
    except Exception, e:
        raise CustomException(e.message, file='somefile.txt', var2='something')
    raise CustomException('this is my custom message', file='somefile.txt', var2='something')

And in order to pass the custom exception some parameters you must provide that parameters to the constructor of the class just like you did in the if/else statement.

like image 155
Ionut Hulub Avatar answered Mar 31 '23 15:03

Ionut Hulub

You could in the except block use:

if not isinstance(e, CustomException): raise CustomException(e)


A sys.exc_info() before the raise inside the except will successfully remove the traceback to the source of the exception i.e. NameError.

like image 21
Bleeding Fingers Avatar answered Mar 31 '23 16:03

Bleeding Fingers