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How can I untar a bunch of same packages inside a same folder?




I got a problem on untar a list of .tar.gz file in a directory.

In my directory,

there are lots of result.tar.gz , they are the same name, they are renamed as...

result (1).tar.gz
result (2).tar.gz
result (3).tar.gz
result (4).tar.gz

I want to untar all of them in one linux command. so I try to use

tar zxvf *


tar zxvf result*.tar.gz

both got this error

tar: result (3).tar.gz: Not found in archive
tar: result (4).tar.gz: Not found in archive
tar: result (5).tar.gz: Not found in archive
tar: result (6).tar.gz: Not found in archive

Who knows how to untar all of the packages at the same time?

like image 304
TheOneTeam Avatar asked Dec 16 '22 11:12


1 Answers

tar only knows how to process one .tar file at a time: the one specified with f. If you specify additional names on the command line they are interpreted as files to extract from the specified .tar file.

Most of the answers so far do not account for unusual file names e.g., those containing spaces, newlines or other special characters).

The correct answer is this:

for file in *.tar.gz ; do
    tar xzf "$file"

The other acceptable answer would be to use find

find . -maxdepth 1 -type f -name '*.tar.gz' -exec tar xzf {} \;`

Why can't I...

  • Use ls *.tar.gz | ... ?

    Because ls will clobber certain characters in file names (ie, it is not safe). If you must use ls for this you should be careful to use ls -1 and then be careful that you treat newline and only newline as a record seperator. This is still not safe, but it's safer.

  • Use $file without the quotes?

    Because a file with spaces in the name, among other things, will be interpreted in ways you do not expect. Example: A file named monthly backup.tar.gz will be interpreted as tar xzf monthly backup.tar.gz and you will get an error because the archive monthly does not exist.

  • Use echo | xargs tar ?

    Because echo will mangle file names, specifically ones with spaces in the name.

When performing a while read loop you almost always want to use read -r, which will prevent backslashes in the input from being interpreted as escape sequences. If you had a file named foo\bar then read without -r would not read it correctly.


Per comments, here's a method for extracting tarballs into subdirectories.

for file in *.tar.gz ; do
    # strip any leading path information from the file name

    # strip the extension .tar.gz

    # make a directory named after the tar file, minus extension
    mkdir -p "$without_extension"

    # extract the file into its own directory
    tar xzf "$file" -C "$without_extension"

Above I extract into directories named after the tarball. However, any scheme for making unique directory names would be sufficient. For example, here's a version that extracts to sequentially numbered directories:

let n=0
for file in *.tar.gz ; do
    mkdir -p "$n";
    tar xzf "$file" -C "$n"

    let n=n+1
like image 103
sorpigal Avatar answered Mar 29 '23 00:03