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How to retrieve number of hours past midnight from an NSDate object?

I need to retrieve the number of hours past midnight from a UIDatePicker control in an iPhone project. datePickerMode is set to UIDatePickerModeTime, so the user only can set a time, no date. When the user is done and dismisses the view the UIDatePicker is on, the following date might be retrieved (as an example):

NSDate *returnTime = timePicker.date;
NSLog(@"returnTime: %@", returnTime); // returns for example @"1970-01-01 10:13:00 PM +0000"

As said, I'm looking for the number of hours past midnight. In the example above, that value should be 22. I wanted to achieve this by creating an NSDateFormatter object and have it extract the hour of day in 24 hour clock format, thus using setDateFormat:@"H" (capital H rather than 'h'):

NSDateFormatter *formatHour = [[NSDateFormatter alloc] init];
[formatHour setDateFormat:@"H"];
NSInteger intHoursPastMidnight = [[formatHour stringFromDate:returnTime] integerValue];

This however does not always work as expected. When the user has disabled the 24 hour clock in the system wide Preferences (i.e. the user uses AM/PM), intHoursPastMidnight will contain 10 rather than 22. 10 is indeed the value that's visible in the UIDatePicker, but I had expected NSDateFormatter to convert this to 22 because of @"H".

What's wrong here? Is my convert assumption incorrect? Is this a bug with UIDatePicker? How can I solve the problem, so I can essentially access the number of hours past midnight set in the UIDatePicker, independent from the user's 12 or 24 hour clock preference? Is this the way to go anyway?

The end goal, to make it clear, is to retrieve the number of minutes past midnight (so hours*60+minutes, value always betweet 0 and 1440).

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Rachid Finge Jr Avatar asked Nov 29 '22 03:11

Rachid Finge Jr

1 Answers

You can do this with your NSCalendar.

First, get your date:

NSDate *date = [timePicker date];

Next, convert it into its date components:

NSDateComponents *components = [[NSCalendar currentCalendar] components:NSIntegerMax fromDate:date];

Now we'll reset the hours and minutes of the date components so that it's now pointing at midnight:

[components setHour:0];
[components setMinute:0];
[components setSecond:0];

Next, we'll turn it back in to a date:

NSDate *midnight = [[NSCalendar currentCalendar] dateFromComponents:components];

Finally, we'll ask for the hours between midnight and the date:

NSDateComponents *diff = [[NSCalendar currentCalendar] components:NSHourCalendarUnit fromDate:midnight toDate:date options:0];

NSInteger numberOfHoursPastMidnight = [diff hour];
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Dave DeLong Avatar answered Dec 10 '22 08:12

Dave DeLong