Logo Questions Linux Laravel Mysql Ubuntu Git Menu

How to create a cairo object within a gtk window in GTK+3





I'm trying to use cairo to draw some arcs but gcc warns me that gdk_cairo_create() is deprecated. Use gdk_window_begin_draw_frame() and gdk_drawing_context_get_cairo_context() instead.

To get around this I did some research and found out that for gdk_window_begin_draw_frame() I need "GdkWindow".I've always been using GtkWidget for my windows so I need to convert "GtkWidget" to "GdkWindow", but gtk_widget_get_window() returns NULL and causes segfault.

#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <cairo.h>
void main(int argc , char **argv){
    gtk_init(&argc , &argv);
    GtkWidget *win;
    GdkWindow *gdkwin;
    GdkDrawingContext *dc;

    cairo_region_t *region;

    cairo_t *cr;

    win = gtk_window_new(GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);

    region = cairo_region_create();

    gdkwin = gtk_widget_get_window(GTK_WIDGET(win));

    //Here gdkwin should contain a GdkWindow but it's NULL.

    gc = gdk_window_begin_draw_frame(gdkwin , (const cairo_region_t*)&region);

Here's the runtime errors:

(a.out:6852): Gdk-CRITICAL **: 23:53:06.042: gdk_window_begin_draw_frame: assertion 'GDK_IS_WINDOW (window)' failed

(a.out:6852): Gdk-CRITICAL **: 23:53:06.042: gdk_drawing_context_get_cairo_context: assertion 'GDK_IS_DRAWING_CONTEXT (context)' failed
Segmentation fault

I want to get a cairo object and use it for cairo_arc().

Thanks.Best regards.

like image 475
Parsa Mousavi Avatar asked Mar 03 '23 12:03

Parsa Mousavi

1 Answers

The below is the complete source code to get Cairo working under GTK 3. It should be compilable as is.

As the others already pointed out, you have to use the draw signal to make things work.

    #include <gtk/gtk.h>
    #include <cairo.h>

    // ------------------------------------------------------------

    gboolean on_draw (GtkWidget *widget,
                    GdkEventExpose *event,
                    gpointer data) 

        // "convert" the G*t*kWidget to G*d*kWindow (no, it's not a GtkWindow!)
        GdkWindow* window = gtk_widget_get_window(widget);  

        cairo_region_t * cairoRegion = cairo_region_create();

        GdkDrawingContext * drawingContext;
        drawingContext = gdk_window_begin_draw_frame (window,cairoRegion);

            // say: "I want to start drawing"
            cairo_t * cr = gdk_drawing_context_get_cairo_context (drawingContext);

            { // do your drawing
                cairo_move_to(cr, 30, 30);
                cairo_show_text(cr, "hello world");

            // say: "I'm finished drawing

        // cleanup

        return FALSE;

    // ------------------------------------------------------------

    int main (int argc, char * argv[]) {
        gtk_init(&argc, &argv);

        GtkWindow * window; 
        { // window setup
            window = (GtkWindow*)gtk_window_new(GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
            gtk_window_set_default_size (window, 200, 200);
            gtk_window_set_position     (window, GTK_WIN_POS_CENTER);
            gtk_window_set_title        (window, "Drawing");

            g_signal_connect(window, "destroy", gtk_main_quit, NULL);

        // create the are we can draw in
        GtkDrawingArea* drawingArea;
            drawingArea = (GtkDrawingArea*) gtk_drawing_area_new();
            gtk_container_add(GTK_CONTAINER(window), (GtkWidget*)drawingArea);

            g_signal_connect((GtkWidget*)drawingArea, "draw", G_CALLBACK(on_draw), NULL);    

        gtk_widget_show_all ((GtkWidget*)window);

        return 0;

    // ------------------------------------------------------------
like image 181
DarkTrick Avatar answered Mar 10 '23 23:03