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Cross compiling a kernel module: invalid module format

I'm trying to cross compile a helloworld kernel module with specifications:

  • host: intel x86 32 bit, linux-3.0.0
  • target: ARM machine (Parrot AR.Drone), linux-

I'm using the makefile:

PWD := $(shell pwd)
obj-m := test.o
    $(MAKE) -C /path/to/kernel M=$(PWD) CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-linux-gnueabi- ARCH=arm  modules

Where arm-none-linux-gnueabi- is the prefix of the arm toolchain.

As kernel, I tried using a clone from git://github.com/CyanogenMod/cm-kernel.git as kernel. This is a 2.6 kernel fork. Using this kernel, compilation was successfull. When trying to insert the module, it gives the error:

invalid module format

Which, sadly, says very little.

like image 467
Jens Nyman Avatar asked Feb 22 '23 10:02

Jens Nyman

2 Answers

Thanks to the hint of Eugene to use dmesg, I found the error:

version magic ' mod_unload modversions ARMv5 ' should be ' preempt mod_unload ARMv5 '

Conclusion: when compiling a kernel module, not only versions need to match, but also some config-parameters. My problem was solved by using the right version and editing the configuration.

If you don't want to reconfigure everything, a quick (ugly) fix is to edit include/generated/autoconf.h

like image 68
Jens Nyman Avatar answered Mar 03 '23 05:03

Jens Nyman

my ugly fix is modifing script file "scripts/setlocalversion"

170         if test "${LOCALVERSION+set}" != "set"; then
171                 scm=$(scm_version --short)
172 #               res="$res${scm:++}"
173                 res="${res}"
174         fi

Hi, everyone.. I did found simple soulution.

just modify envirionment vairable


that's all

like image 21
Jonghoan Lim Avatar answered Mar 03 '23 04:03

Jonghoan Lim